Campaigners against the badger cull being rolled out countrywide have released a report showing breaches during the pilot cull in Gloucestershire.
A Freedom of Information (FoI) request by the Humane Society UK to Natural England showed in details the problems cull operators had during the pilot cull last year.
The 202-page report from the marksmen to Natural England showed how the shooting was done, time they were in the cull zone, how much baits were used, what kind of rifle and sights, and if demonstrators were in the area.
In some cases, it showed where the badger was shot, and how long it took to die.
There were 41 visits by Natural England monitors during the original six-week cull and the extensions in Gloucestershire and Somerset.
Mark Jones, executive director of the Humane Society UK, and a vet from Stroud, said it provided a “disturbing insight” into the inhumaneness of the cull.
It follows a report from the BBC about the apparent findings from the Independent Expert Panel (IEP) , which said the cull was “inhumane” and “ineffective”.
Mr Jones said: “It is deeply worrying that while the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) was publicly declaring the pilot badger culls have been humane, badgers were being shot in the head, neck or shoulder, which is against best practice.
“Some required more than one shot and most likely suffered substantially as a result.
“While the level of ovservation of controlled shoots was clearly inadequate, if the proportion of poor shot placement and wounding observed is in any way representative of the shooting as a whole, we could potentially be looking at hundreds of badger enduring pain and distress.”
In one instance, on September 10, marksmen used a .222 Remington fitted with a moderator, without a night vision scope in the Gloucestershire cull zone.
Using a spotlight, which was turned on for taking the shot, the badger was about 60 metres away when it was shot.
It went through shoulder and hind leg before it limped towards the sett. The marksman chased it down before shooting it in the neck from 30 metres away.
Mr Jones added: “Defra’s myth of a human and professional cull has been exposed.
“It would be a travesty to allow this unjustified slaughter of badgers to continue.
“We’ve always suspected the cull was inhumane, now we have evidence to show it. It’s time to kill the cull.”
A spokesman for Natural England said any compliance issues were being dealt with.
He added: “Our monitoring was conducted with strict guidelines to establish compliance on humaneness and safety.
“Where our monitoring identified compliance issues we have followed up with proportionate action with the contractors involved to help resolve operational issues.”
Additional monitoring during the original cull period was carried out by the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA), an executive agency working on behalf of Defra.